For ages, pests has been constantly trying to get into your property. Pests come to your premises for several different reasons – for food, for water, for shelter or to find a more comfortable climate. Keeping them out of your premises is a year-round process and on-going battle. It’s not a onetime event nor is it a one method solution. Our specialist works to deliver customized solutions combining non-toxic formulation, approved chemical formulation and physical control solutions to treat and prevent pest infestation in your premises.
Rodents’ biology and habits can make them challenging to control, and they present a serious menace to your home. If you’re in need of rodent control services, here’s what you should know about these pests:
• Instincts: Rats are instinctively wary of things new to their environment, including rat control measures such as traps and bait, and colonize in attics, burrows, under concrete and porches, in wall voids and other hard-to-reach places.
• Disease: Rats can harbor and transmit a number of serious diseases. They can also introduce disease-carrying parasites such as fleas and ticks into your home.
• Access: They invade your home seeking food, water and warmth.
• Contamination: Each mouse can contaminate much more food than it eats.
Rodents are warm-blooded mammals that, like humans, can be found throughout the world. They have oversized front teeth for gnawing and check teeth, which are adapted for chewing. Rodents chew on a variety of items available to them and cause great damage in and around homes.
Rodents tend to be rapid breeders. Some species breed year-round, and populations are maintained through constant reproduction. Because of the rodents’ body plan, they are capable of squeezing through spaces that appear to be much too small for them. All such holes should be sealed to prevent entry and reentry of rodents. A pest control professional should be contacted for assistance.
Rats and mice are both extremely destructive within agricultural communities. A number of species feed on seeds and grains. The feces and urine of some rodents may contaminate surfaces with which they come into contact.
Cockroaches are a very common and persistent problem in Malaysian households. They feed on anything from garbage to sewerage. They have the potential to carry germs which can cause disease, such as the bacteria Salmonella. Cockroaches have also been associated with asthma. Cockroaches are nocturnal, so if you're seeing roaches in the daytime, chances are you have a heavy infestation.
The three species of cockroach commonly found in Malaysian homes are the German (Blattella Germanica) and the American (Periplaneta Americana) cockroach.
The German cockroach is a very common species and the one usually found inside – mainly in kitchens. The adults are comparatively small (about 1.5cm long), tan in colour and often occur in large numbers and tend to aggregate in "nests". The immature (nymphs) have dark markings which make them appear dark brown to black. The German cockroach does not fly and they can live up to 9 months.
The American cockroach is reddish-brown and is the largest of the common roaches (up to 4.0cm in length at maturity) and can flyin warmer weather. They live mostly outdoors in drains and sewers and they are found more often in commercial establishments, although houses and apartments frequently become infested. Females can lay up to 50 egg cases – each case containing 16 eggs in average. American cockroaches can live up to 2 years.
Ant control can be difficult, but there are some things you should know about how ants’ behavior can lead to big headaches for you and your home:
• Entry: Ants can enter through even the tiniest cracks, seeking water and sweet or greasy food substances in the kitchen pantry or storeroom areas.
• Scent trails: Ants leave an invisible chemical trail which contains pheromones for others to follow once they locate the food source.
• Nest locations: They can nest about anywhere in and around your house; in lawns, walls, stumps, even under foundations.
• Colony size: Colonies can number up to 300,000 to 500,000, and whole colonies can uproot and relocate quickly when threatened.
• Colony Lifetime: A colony can live a relatively long lifetime. Worker ants may live seven years, and the queen may live as long as 15 years.
We mostly regard mosquitoes as pests, but it is interesting to note that only the females of the specie suck blood, whereas the males are no annoyance to humans as they only feed on the nectar of flowers.
The female mosquitoes are capable of transmitting diseases like malaria, dengue, and filariasis (also called elephantiasis). But do remember that for the most part they are only the transmitters, not the developers or originators of the diseases.
The Anopheles group of mosquitoes transmits the malaria parasites, and the Aedes group carries the dengue virus, while the Mansonia mosquitoes injects the worms of the filariasis disease.
But please do know, however, that not all of the species in the mosquito groups mentioned above spread the
diseases, as some species don't have contact with humans and they only feed on animals. The prevalence of inclement weather in the country helps in their breeding where eggs are deposited in water, and once hatched, the larvae swim in the water before attaining adulthood.
Definitely a clean environment without stagnating waters will help in ensuring disease-free areas. Where moist conditions are prevalent, like the jungles and rain-forests, these mosquitoes and other bugs can be prevalent and they are indeed a nuisance or annoyance that we cannot avoid. That is why when trekking in forests of Malaysia it is advisable to wear long sleeved shirts with high collars and long pants to at least keep them from biting our exposed skin. And some form of insect repellants spread on the body are also used by some people to keep these annoying insects away.
More than 100 pathogens are associated with the house fly, including Salmonella, Staphylococcus, E. coli and Shigella. These pathogens can cause disease in humans and animals, including typhoid fever, cholera, bacillary dysentery and hepatitis. Sanitation is critical to controlling these pests, but accurate identification is essential for successful fly control. Here are some other things you should know about flies and fly control:
• Depending on the species, the life expectancy of a fly is eight days to two months or, in some cases, up to a year.
• Flies belong to the order Diptera, meaning two wings.
• Flies plague every part of the world except the polar ice caps.
• One pair of flies can produce more than 1 million offspring through their offsprings’ offspring in a matter of weeks.
• Millions of microorganisms may flourish in a single fly’s gut, while a half-billion more swarm over its body and legs.
• Flies spread diseases readily because they move quickly from rotting, disease-laden garbage to exposed human foods and utensils.
• Because they only have two wings, flies land often and therefore can deposit thousands of bacteria each time they land.
• Every time a fly lands, it sloughs off thousands of microbes. If a fly lands on food or utensils, customers may ingest germs that can trigger serious illness such as diarrhea, food poisoning, meningitis and bloodstream infections.
Bedbugs are small - less than one-quarter of an inch long - reddish-brown, flat, wingless insects that feed on animal blood, including that of humans, usually at night when people are asleep. A bedbug bite generally occurs on uncovered parts of the body such as the face, neck, hands, and arms. Symptoms of bedbug bites include red, raised welts - often in a pattern of two or three in a row - that may itch for several days. In addition to physical effects of a bedbug bite, many people experience emotional trauma as a result, resulting in anxiety, embarrassment, agitation, nervousness, and sleeplessness.
Signs of Bedbug Infestation
Because bedbugs tend to hide, you may not actually see the bugs themselves. Telltale signs of a bedbug infestation include dark spots (feces) on your mattress, walls, sheets, or any other place they may hide, such as in crevices. You may also notice the bedbugs' brown shed skins, bedbug eggs and shells, blood spots on your sheets, or a sweet smelling or “buggy” odor. The odor tends to occur when there is a heavy bedbug infestation, and may or may not be noticeable. Bedbug detection devices are often used to determine an infestation.
Each female bedbug can lay between 200 and 500 eggs in her 6- to 12-month lifetime. A bedbug egg is usually laid in clusters in crevices or on rough surfaces near places where the adult bedbugs hide. While a bedbug is about the size of a grain of rice, its eggs are very small (between 1 and 1.5 mm long), white, cylindrical, and may not be seen easily with the naked eye. Bedbug eggs are coated in a sticky, cement-like substance, which enables them to adhere to the surface where they were laid. Once the eggs hatch, the eggshells are left behind and often accumulate in the crevices.
Termites cause great losses to man. They are known as pests of wood in houses. Not just that, they are also pests in the agriculture sector. Some studies show that losses caused by termites are four times higher than losses caused by fire. In urban areas, termites damage wooden structures such as door frames, kitchen cabinets, parquet flooring and even roof trusses.
In Malaysia, Coptotermes spsare the most common species that cause extensive damage to buildings. A single colony of Coptotermes can search for food over an area covering a distance of about 100 metres. They can also affect top levels of multi-storey buildings.
Genus of Coptotermes are also known to be the most destructive termites in the Malaysian agriculture sector. They normally attack rubber and mango trees causing great loss to the industry.
They often attack the heartwood and consume it before working outwards. The infested tree often dies and collapses. It is quite simple to tell that a tree is infested with active termites. The new leaves normally turn yellow and eventually the other leaves also show the same symptom. Termites gain entry into buildings through cracks in the foundations and wall floor interface. Beside that, electrical conduits, along water pipes in the walls and telephone lines are the best and strategic areas for them to penetrate into premises.
Once termites have gained entry into buildings, the infestation goes unnoticed for months as they conceal their presence with mud tubes or traverse behind wooden structures. The infestation normally goes unnoticed because the termites do not eat the external part, for example, if they infest parquet flooring, they will not feed on the shellac layer.
Bacteria, Viruses, Mold & Fungi
More than half of the world’s population is exposed to indoor pollution. With globalization, the threat is looming and ever more so deadly. Malaysia was not spared too. We had Nipah Virus outbreak in 1998, the H1N1 pandemic in 2009, the first H7N9 case in 2014 and H5N1 has been around. Our tropical climate of hot and humid is also very conducive for mold and fungi growth which is also another threat especially for children and sensitive adults.
Infection is spread in many ways, however the two most commonly encountered methods are contact and inhalation. Traditionally surface cleaning and hand washing alone will not combat these infection risks.
Whilst these actions are vitally important, little is currently done to reduce the risk of these pathogens multiplying, growing and spreading around us
The best measure to battle these silent threats is the combination of constant education, good hygiene practices and routinely disinfecting the high risk areas.
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